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Endangered Animals and some extinc animals

Publicado en por D

Image source: http://endangered-animals.ca/en/

Image source: http://endangered-animals.ca/en/

HEY DUDES, here I bring sad information but also one to make you react, I hope u like, don't forget to share with your friends and with people who might need it.

Endangered Animals

On our planet many animals are in danger of extinction, even animals which are close relatives of man, like the orangutan and the chimpanzee. In Africa people hunt elephant and rhinoceroses for the tusks. In the seas many types of fish as well as many types of whales are close to extinction.

In the air, eagles and storks are in risk. Organizations like the World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF) help to protect these animals, but their job is massive. Scientist estimate that, if people continue to behave like they do now, several hundred species of vertebrates and about one million types of insects will become extinct before the year 2040.

At present warnings and educational campaigns for sun avoidance are ok for humans, but what about the frogs laying their eggs in high mountain ponds and streams as they have for millennia, or the phytoplankton in the sea seeking the sun to ensure photosynthetic production, or the trees rooted in the Earth and stretching their leaves or needles skyward to the sun? They cannot avoid the noon sun, put on a shirt or hat, use sunscreen, or shelter indoors. They must be protected from exposure to increase UV-B radiation. This can only be accomplished through a concerted human effort to eliminate the release of those chemicals that destroy the ozone layer. THE TIME TO ACT IS NOW.

 

 

Many species have disappeared from Earth and many more are in danger. What happened to them?

The Tasmanian Wolf

 

The Tasmanian Wolf was not really a wolf; it was a relative of the kangaroo. It was a carnivore marsupial with a pouch to keep its babies. Half a century ago, ranchers in Australia received money for every animal they killed and that is how this animal became extinct. However some living animals have been reported.

Quagga

 

This relative of the zebra used to graze in the plains of South Africa with ostriches and wild beasts and together they defend themselves from predators. They competed for grass with sheep, goats and cows and they were hunted to extinction.

Caspian Tiger

 

These magnificent animals lived in China, Iran and Afghanistan. They were hunted for their beautiful fur and to protect farmer's animals. The last one was reported shot in 1957.

Dodo

Resultado de imagen para dodo

This huge flightless bird lived in the island of Martirius. When Portuguese explorerS arrived, they supplemented their diet with this 50-pound bird. The pigs, monkeys and rats they brought in their ships ate their eggs. The last Dodo was killed in 1681.

 

Source: NAVIGATORS 7, RICHMOND PUBLISHING

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THE PASSIVE VOICE

Publicado en por D

THE PASSIVE VOICE

THE PASSIVE VOICE

This is one of the most difficult topics in English language. There are many ways to say one same thing, so, some people apply it in order to avoid the repetition or to seem very polite. Today I am going to explain it to you use it as well, HERE WE GO!!!

Before starting I have to leave clear that ACTIVE VOICE is the normal way to use the language, I mean, the use of SUBJECT+VERB+OBJECT, (remember that every tense has its own variation). So in PASSIVE VOICE the original OBJECT will be the SUBJECT of the sentence, in other words it would be something like this OBJECT+BE+VERB PP+SUBJECT.  It is easy and you will understand it.

The first thing you have to know is that the verb to be is so necessary; you are going to need it. You can make passive voice sentences in any tense conjugating that verb in the time you want to speak.

Another thing you must know about this topic is that the main verb must go in its past participle conjugation, if you want to know more about conjugations click here.

And the most important thing about this is… the object of the sentences will be the subject. If you don’t get it, don’t worry, we will see some examples in order to understand it. The original subject in the Active Voice is not necessary in the Passive Voice sentence, if you want to put it, it’s up to you. In my opinion, I prefer to put it because it gives more information and it is clearer.

And finishing, when you turn an ACTIVE VOICE sentence into a PASSIVE VOICE one, you have to think that the normal conjugation rules also apply to the new SUBJECT. Let’s see the examples to get it.

 

Here a little chart where you can see all the possible conjugations of it.

Simple present

Is/Are/Am + Verb PP

Simple past

Was/Were + Verb PP

Present progressive

Is/Are/Am + Being + Verb PP

Past  Progressive

Was/Were + Being + Verb PP

Present Perfect simple

Have/ Has + Been + Verb PP

Past Perfect simple

Had + Been + Verb PP

Present Perfect Continuous

Have/ Has+ Been + Being + Verb PP

 

Let’s see some examples.

  1. Active Voice:  “Sammy Plays tennis. As you can see that sentence is in Simple Present, so the passive voice must go in Simple present as well but this time using the verb to be and the verb in PP (Past Participle), something like this “The tennis is played by Sammy (or ´her´ if you don’t want to write the name again)”

 

  1. Active: The soldiers are running in the field (sentence in Present Progressive “ing”)

PASSIVE: The field is being run by the soldiers (They)

 

  1. ACTIVE: I have ridden the same motorcycle (Sentence in Present Perfect “have”)

PASSIVE: The same motorcycle has been ridden by me

 

 

THE PASSIVE VOICE

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A House for Hermit Crab

Publicado en por D

image source: https://es.pngtree.com/freepng/cartoon-hermit-crab_3450313.html

image source: https://es.pngtree.com/freepng/cartoon-hermit-crab_3450313.html

Hello everyone, Today I want to share this pretty story, remember to share it with your friend or with people who may need this material.

A House for Hermit Crab

By ERIC CARLE

“It is time to move,” said Hermit Crab one day in January. “I’ve grown too big for this little shell.” Hermit Crab had felt safe and snug in his shell. But now it was too snug. He stepped out of the shell and onto the floor of the ocean. But it was frightening out in the open sea without a shell to hide in. “What if a big fish comes along and attacks me?” he thought. “I must find a new house soon.”

Early in February, Hermit Crab found just the house he was looking for. It was a big shell, and strong. He moved right in, wiggling and waggling about inside it to see how it felt. It felt just right. “But it looks so-well, so plain,” thought the Hermit Crab.

In March, Hermit Crab met some sea anemones. They swayed gently back and forth in the water. “How beautiful you are!” said Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to come and live on my house? It is so plain, it needs you.” “I’ll come,” whispered a small sea anemone. Gently Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and put it on his shell.

In April, Hermit Crab passed a flock of starfish moving slowly along the sea floor. “How handsome you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to decorate my house?” “I would,” signaled a little sea star. Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and put it on his house.

In May, Hermit Crab discovered some coral. They were hard, and they didn’t move. “How pretty you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to help make my house more beautiful?” “I would,”  creaked a crusty coral. Carefully, Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and placed it on his shell.

In June, Hermit Crab came upon a group of snails crawling over a rock on the ocean floor. They grazed as they went, picking up algae and bits of debris, and leaving a neat path behind them. “How tidy and hard-working you are!” said Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to help clean my house?” “I would,” offered one of the snails. Happily, Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and placed it on his shell.

In July, Hermit Crab came upon several sea urchins. They had sharp, prickly needles. “How fierce you look!” said Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to protect my house?” “I would,” answered a spiky sea urchin. Gratefully, Hermit Crab picked it up near his shell.

In August, Hermit Crab and his friend wandered into a forest of seaweed. “It is so dark here,” thought Hermit Crab. “How dim it is,” murmured the sea anemone. “How gloomy it is,” whispered the starfish. “How murky it is,” complained the coral. “I cannot see!” said the snail. “It is like nighttime!” cried the sea urchin.

In September, Hermit Crab spotted a school of lantern fish darting through the dark water. “How bright you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to light up our house?” “I would,” replied one lantern fish. And it swam over near the shell.

In October, Hermit Crab approached a pile of smooth pebbles. “How sturdy you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would you mind if I arranged you?” “Not at all,” answered the pebbles. Hermit Crab picked them up one by one with his claw and built a wall around his shell. “Now my house is perfect!” cheered Hermit Crab.

But in November, Hermit Crab felt that his shell was a bit too small. Little by little, over the year, Hermit Crab had grown. Soon he would have to find another bigger home. But he had come to love his friends, the sea anemone, the starfish, the coral, the sea urchin, the snail, the lantern fish, and even the smooth pebbles. “They have been so good to me,” thought Hermit Crab. “They are like a family. How can I ever leave them?”

In December, a smaller hermit crab passed by. “I have outgrown my shell,” she said. “Would you know of a place for me?” “I have outgrown my house too,” answered Hermit Crab. “I must move on. You are welcome to live here-but you must promise to be good to my friends.” “I promise,” said the little crab.

The following January, Hermit Crab stepped out and the little crab moved in. “I could not stay in that shell forever,” said Hermit Crab as he waved goodbye. The ocean floor looked wider than he had remembered, but Hermit Crab was not afraid. Soon he spied the perfect house-a big, empty shell. It looked, well, a little plain, but…  “Sponges!” he thought. “Barnacles! Clown fish! Sand dollars! Electric eels! Oh, there are so many possibilities! I cannot wait to get started!”

 

Source: Eric Carle 2014 falconer/class media.

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The Tenses

Publicado en por D

Info resource: English Grammar Intermediate Therory&Practice by Nicholas Agnon, Terry Vigo 2014

Info resource: English Grammar Intermediate Therory&Practice by Nicholas Agnon, Terry Vigo 2014

The Tenses

 

The tenses allow us to move through time and express our ideas, actions, desires and wishes whenever we want. We should keep in mind that time is divided into three main time groups: the past, present and future.

Each group has 4 tenses in the English grammar: simple, continuous, perfect simple, perfect continuous.

PAST

PRESENT

FUTURE

Past simple

Present  simple

Future simple

Past continuous

Present continuous

Future continuous

Past perfect simple

Present perfect simple

Future perfect simple

Past perfect continuous

Present perfect continuous

Future perfect continuous

 

That is 12 tenses in total. Let’s see how tenses are easily divided and understood. In order to comprehend them better we are going to divide the four tenses of each group into 2 similar groups. We will name Simple Tenses all the simples and continuous ones and Perfect Tenses the perfect simple and the present continuous.

The Simple Tenses

Tenses always talk about a moment in time. Our first group the simple tenses talk about one moment in time. Therefore the simple present and continuous talk about one moment in present, the past simple and continuous about one moment in the past and the future simple and continuous about one moment in the future. They do not connect different time groups but remain within their own time group.

All these tenses use key or signal words in sentences to show us the moment in time that they talk about. Remember that signal words are one of the main indicators of time in a sentence other than meaning so it is very important to look for these signals words in sentences before making your final decision about tense.

The perfect tenses

In contrast to the simple tenses, this group connects two moments in time. Perfect means completed therefore one moment included in all perfect tenses is the past. Depending on the tense we can find the second moment in time connected to the past. In this way the present perfect tenses connect a moment in the past with a moment in the present, the past perfect tenses connect two moments in the past, and the future perfect tenses connect a moment in the past with a moment in the future.

We must keep in mind that perfect means the verb: HAVE, so in present perfect tenses the verb uses its present form (have), in the past perfect tenses it uses its past form (had) and in the future perfect tenses it uses its future form (will have). We add the past participle form of the main verb to complete the perfect simple tenses. The continuous tenses have to follow the rule of all the continuous tenses (be + ing) and the rule of all the perfect tenses (have/had/will have). In order to form the perfect continuous tenses we combine the verb have + been + main verb ing.

 

 

 

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Creativity at work

Publicado en por D

Creativity at work

Hello everyone, today some interesting information about the innovation and creativity, this may be functional for people that are looking for fresh ideas. Don’t forget to share it. Have a nice day

Creativity is more than just a Word; it is the secret of success for many businesses. The word “innovation” and “creativity” are frequently mentioned by executives and business owners. Many use them, but just a few know how to promote it in their work places, and even fewer executives actually practice them. In a recent survey, executives of successful companies in the U. S. A. were asked what was needed to survive in the 21st century. The most common answer was “innovation and creativity”. But few of them considered that they were doing it well.

Many companies create a stimulating working environment, but some promote more innovation than others. Creativity may be improved by a process called positive alteration. It shakes up the way things are and pushes companies into renovation. Companies and individual adapt to changes as they take advantage of the crisis.

It is believed that creativity, the ability to express new and valuable ideas is mysterious that only fewer very intelligent people have it. That is not true! Recent research shows that everyone has more or less the same creative potential. There are four kind of abilities that make us more creative:

  • OBSERVATION: look for new ideas, even if they don’t seem important at the time. Artist and inventors keep a notebook handy and they write down ideas when they occur to them.
  • CHALLENGE: though situations and difficulties might be scary, but they are also wonderful creative opportunities to have new ideas or recycle old ones.
  • EXPANDING HORIZONS: learning about other topics not related to your actual job, also keeps you be more creative.
  • SURROUNDINGS: multiple ideas are usually obtained by visiting diverse and interesting social and sport places. A static atmosphere, the same desk, the same co-workers day after day can be suffocating.

WHAT ARE YOU WAITING FOR?

IT’S TIME TO PUT YOUR CREATIVITY TO WORK!!

 

Source: Navigators 10 teaching resourcing 2011

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Diversity

Publicado en por D

Diversity

Hello, D says “Hi” again. Today I bring some facts about an important singer of our century. I hope you like it, please, don’t forget to share it with friend or with people who may need this info. Have a good day.

 

The culture of a place is an integral part of this society whether that place is a remote village in Brazil or a highly industrialized city in Europe. The cultures around the world fascinate us, at first glance, because they seem very dissimilar. Japanese people, for example, bow. They do not shake the hands because they consider it inappropriate. Arabian men kiss each other on the check when they meet.

On the other hand, teenager in U. S. A. leave home when they finish high school. They think that to live with their parents is unconventional. You might think that a driving system in which people left on the right is impossible; but, the citizens of fifty-nine places all over the world do it. This custom is from countries like Hong-Kong, Jamaica, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, United Kingdom and others.

If you are an immigrant in Indonesia and you want to marry a woman, don’t be impolite! Tradition prohibits newly-married couples from clearing their bowels or urinating for three days and nights, or from leaving the house during this time.

Finally, Asian people have the habit of saying words just before they start to eat meals and finish their meals. If they come over to a friend’s house for dinner, they do the same thing. If they do not say these words, the other people would think that they are discourteous.

In conclusion, we can easily see from these few examples how different the world we live in is.

 

Source: Navigators 10 teaching resourcing 2011

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Englishman in New York

Publicado en por D

Image source: https://www.google.com.co/search?q=ENGLISHMAN+IN+NEW+YORK&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwicpp_Zt5bVAhVGWCYKHSE3BsQQ_AUICygC&biw=1600&bih=770#imgdii=O3pzvH9T7eLbdM:&imgrc=65Pd9ozjeh3BmM:

Image source: https://www.google.com.co/search?q=ENGLISHMAN+IN+NEW+YORK&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwicpp_Zt5bVAhVGWCYKHSE3BsQQ_AUICygC&biw=1600&bih=770#imgdii=O3pzvH9T7eLbdM:&imgrc=65Pd9ozjeh3BmM:

Hello, D again here. Today I bring some facts about an important singer of our century. I hope you like it, please, don’t forget to share it with friend or with people who may need this info. Have a good day.

 

Sting, one of the most famous English singers started his solo career in 1985. His first album The Dream of the Blue Turtles reached triple platinum in the U. S. A., and included important hits like: “If you love somebody set him free” and “Russians.”

After two years of this successful album, Sting released his second record titled Nothing like the sun which included the hit song “Englishman in New York.”

The song is the story of an Englishman living in New York. The man realized the remarkable differences that exist between these two cultures. For example, in the first verse when the singer says: “I don’t drink coffee, I take tea… I like my toast on one side”. Other simple comparisons that the singer points out are in the accent, physical appearance, and even manners. The man in New York feels like a stranger in a society that really differs from his.

This song is a reflection on the simple but significant differences between two ways of life.

 

HERE THE LINK IF YOU WANT TO HEAR THE SONG.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d27gTrPPAyk

 

Source: Navigators 10 teaching resourcing 2011

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Verbs (Eng)

Publicado en por D

Image source:  http://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

Image source: http://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

Hello and welcome again, today I will tell you somethig that may be useful to know, I hope you like it, and remember, if it is useful for you, don't forget to share it with friend or with people who may need this info.

As in any language there are two kind of verbs, the irregular and the regular one. Well, there isn't a simple way to learn this by heart but it only depends on the practice, so the recommendation is to use them as much as you can. 

In the English language there are only three ways to conjugate the verbs, those are the Infinitive or basic form of the verb; the simple past and the past participle, for talking about future you have to use the modal will or the Be Going to. let's know the kind of verbs.

The Regular verbs:

These are the easiest because their particularity is that all of them finish in -ed in their past and past participle conjugation. Now you can see some of them in the following image.

 

 

The Irregular verbs:

This kind of verbs does not follow a specific structure, they work independently of any other. they may change all the word completely like this verb Go - Went - Gone, maybe it can only change one letter as in Make - Made - Made, even they may not change at all the word as in Read - Read - Read. Here you can see a list of some irregular verbs:

 

 

Image sources:

  1. http://englishstudypage.com/tag/regular-verbs-list/
  2. http://englishstudypage.com/vocabulary/detailed-irregular-verbs-list/

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