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THE PASSIVE VOICE

Publicado en por D

THE PASSIVE VOICE

THE PASSIVE VOICE

This is one of the most difficult topics in English language. There are many ways to say one same thing, so, some people apply it in order to avoid the repetition or to seem very polite. Today I am going to explain it to you use it as well, HERE WE GO!!!

Before starting I have to leave clear that ACTIVE VOICE is the normal way to use the language, I mean, the use of SUBJECT+VERB+OBJECT, (remember that every tense has its own variation). So in PASSIVE VOICE the original OBJECT will be the SUBJECT of the sentence, in other words it would be something like this OBJECT+BE+VERB PP+SUBJECT.  It is easy and you will understand it.

The first thing you have to know is that the verb to be is so necessary; you are going to need it. You can make passive voice sentences in any tense conjugating that verb in the time you want to speak.

Another thing you must know about this topic is that the main verb must go in its past participle conjugation, if you want to know more about conjugations click here.

And the most important thing about this is… the object of the sentences will be the subject. If you don’t get it, don’t worry, we will see some examples in order to understand it. The original subject in the Active Voice is not necessary in the Passive Voice sentence, if you want to put it, it’s up to you. In my opinion, I prefer to put it because it gives more information and it is clearer.

And finishing, when you turn an ACTIVE VOICE sentence into a PASSIVE VOICE one, you have to think that the normal conjugation rules also apply to the new SUBJECT. Let’s see the examples to get it.

 

Here a little chart where you can see all the possible conjugations of it.

Simple present

Is/Are/Am + Verb PP

Simple past

Was/Were + Verb PP

Present progressive

Is/Are/Am + Being + Verb PP

Past  Progressive

Was/Were + Being + Verb PP

Present Perfect simple

Have/ Has + Been + Verb PP

Past Perfect simple

Had + Been + Verb PP

Present Perfect Continuous

Have/ Has+ Been + Being + Verb PP

 

Let’s see some examples.

  1. Active Voice:  “Sammy Plays tennis. As you can see that sentence is in Simple Present, so the passive voice must go in Simple present as well but this time using the verb to be and the verb in PP (Past Participle), something like this “The tennis is played by Sammy (or ´her´ if you don’t want to write the name again)”

 

  1. Active: The soldiers are running in the field (sentence in Present Progressive “ing”)

PASSIVE: The field is being run by the soldiers (They)

 

  1. ACTIVE: I have ridden the same motorcycle (Sentence in Present Perfect “have”)

PASSIVE: The same motorcycle has been ridden by me

 

 

THE PASSIVE VOICE

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A House for Hermit Crab

Publicado en por D

image source: https://es.pngtree.com/freepng/cartoon-hermit-crab_3450313.html

image source: https://es.pngtree.com/freepng/cartoon-hermit-crab_3450313.html

Hello everyone, Today I want to share this pretty story, remember to share it with your friend or with people who may need this material.

A House for Hermit Crab

By ERIC CARLE

“It is time to move,” said Hermit Crab one day in January. “I’ve grown too big for this little shell.” Hermit Crab had felt safe and snug in his shell. But now it was too snug. He stepped out of the shell and onto the floor of the ocean. But it was frightening out in the open sea without a shell to hide in. “What if a big fish comes along and attacks me?” he thought. “I must find a new house soon.”

Early in February, Hermit Crab found just the house he was looking for. It was a big shell, and strong. He moved right in, wiggling and waggling about inside it to see how it felt. It felt just right. “But it looks so-well, so plain,” thought the Hermit Crab.

In March, Hermit Crab met some sea anemones. They swayed gently back and forth in the water. “How beautiful you are!” said Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to come and live on my house? It is so plain, it needs you.” “I’ll come,” whispered a small sea anemone. Gently Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and put it on his shell.

In April, Hermit Crab passed a flock of starfish moving slowly along the sea floor. “How handsome you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to decorate my house?” “I would,” signaled a little sea star. Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and put it on his house.

In May, Hermit Crab discovered some coral. They were hard, and they didn’t move. “How pretty you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to help make my house more beautiful?” “I would,”  creaked a crusty coral. Carefully, Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and placed it on his shell.

In June, Hermit Crab came upon a group of snails crawling over a rock on the ocean floor. They grazed as they went, picking up algae and bits of debris, and leaving a neat path behind them. “How tidy and hard-working you are!” said Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to help clean my house?” “I would,” offered one of the snails. Happily, Hermit Crab picked it up with his claw and placed it on his shell.

In July, Hermit Crab came upon several sea urchins. They had sharp, prickly needles. “How fierce you look!” said Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to protect my house?” “I would,” answered a spiky sea urchin. Gratefully, Hermit Crab picked it up near his shell.

In August, Hermit Crab and his friend wandered into a forest of seaweed. “It is so dark here,” thought Hermit Crab. “How dim it is,” murmured the sea anemone. “How gloomy it is,” whispered the starfish. “How murky it is,” complained the coral. “I cannot see!” said the snail. “It is like nighttime!” cried the sea urchin.

In September, Hermit Crab spotted a school of lantern fish darting through the dark water. “How bright you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would one of you be willing to light up our house?” “I would,” replied one lantern fish. And it swam over near the shell.

In October, Hermit Crab approached a pile of smooth pebbles. “How sturdy you are!” said the Hermit Crab. “Would you mind if I arranged you?” “Not at all,” answered the pebbles. Hermit Crab picked them up one by one with his claw and built a wall around his shell. “Now my house is perfect!” cheered Hermit Crab.

But in November, Hermit Crab felt that his shell was a bit too small. Little by little, over the year, Hermit Crab had grown. Soon he would have to find another bigger home. But he had come to love his friends, the sea anemone, the starfish, the coral, the sea urchin, the snail, the lantern fish, and even the smooth pebbles. “They have been so good to me,” thought Hermit Crab. “They are like a family. How can I ever leave them?”

In December, a smaller hermit crab passed by. “I have outgrown my shell,” she said. “Would you know of a place for me?” “I have outgrown my house too,” answered Hermit Crab. “I must move on. You are welcome to live here-but you must promise to be good to my friends.” “I promise,” said the little crab.

The following January, Hermit Crab stepped out and the little crab moved in. “I could not stay in that shell forever,” said Hermit Crab as he waved goodbye. The ocean floor looked wider than he had remembered, but Hermit Crab was not afraid. Soon he spied the perfect house-a big, empty shell. It looked, well, a little plain, but…  “Sponges!” he thought. “Barnacles! Clown fish! Sand dollars! Electric eels! Oh, there are so many possibilities! I cannot wait to get started!”

 

Source: Eric Carle 2014 falconer/class media.

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Creativity at work

Publicado en por D

Creativity at work

Hello everyone, today some interesting information about the innovation and creativity, this may be functional for people that are looking for fresh ideas. Don’t forget to share it. Have a nice day

Creativity is more than just a Word; it is the secret of success for many businesses. The word “innovation” and “creativity” are frequently mentioned by executives and business owners. Many use them, but just a few know how to promote it in their work places, and even fewer executives actually practice them. In a recent survey, executives of successful companies in the U. S. A. were asked what was needed to survive in the 21st century. The most common answer was “innovation and creativity”. But few of them considered that they were doing it well.

Many companies create a stimulating working environment, but some promote more innovation than others. Creativity may be improved by a process called positive alteration. It shakes up the way things are and pushes companies into renovation. Companies and individual adapt to changes as they take advantage of the crisis.

It is believed that creativity, the ability to express new and valuable ideas is mysterious that only fewer very intelligent people have it. That is not true! Recent research shows that everyone has more or less the same creative potential. There are four kind of abilities that make us more creative:

  • OBSERVATION: look for new ideas, even if they don’t seem important at the time. Artist and inventors keep a notebook handy and they write down ideas when they occur to them.
  • CHALLENGE: though situations and difficulties might be scary, but they are also wonderful creative opportunities to have new ideas or recycle old ones.
  • EXPANDING HORIZONS: learning about other topics not related to your actual job, also keeps you be more creative.
  • SURROUNDINGS: multiple ideas are usually obtained by visiting diverse and interesting social and sport places. A static atmosphere, the same desk, the same co-workers day after day can be suffocating.

WHAT ARE YOU WAITING FOR?

IT’S TIME TO PUT YOUR CREATIVITY TO WORK!!

 

Source: Navigators 10 teaching resourcing 2011

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Verbs (Eng)

Publicado en por D

Image source:  http://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

Image source: http://www.linguasorb.com/english/verbs/most-common-verbs/

Hello and welcome again, today I will tell you somethig that may be useful to know, I hope you like it, and remember, if it is useful for you, don't forget to share it with friend or with people who may need this info.

As in any language there are two kind of verbs, the irregular and the regular one. Well, there isn't a simple way to learn this by heart but it only depends on the practice, so the recommendation is to use them as much as you can. 

In the English language there are only three ways to conjugate the verbs, those are the Infinitive or basic form of the verb; the simple past and the past participle, for talking about future you have to use the modal will or the Be Going to. let's know the kind of verbs.

The Regular verbs:

These are the easiest because their particularity is that all of them finish in -ed in their past and past participle conjugation. Now you can see some of them in the following image.

 

 

The Irregular verbs:

This kind of verbs does not follow a specific structure, they work independently of any other. they may change all the word completely like this verb Go - Went - Gone, maybe it can only change one letter as in Make - Made - Made, even they may not change at all the word as in Read - Read - Read. Here you can see a list of some irregular verbs:

 

 

Image sources:

  1. http://englishstudypage.com/tag/regular-verbs-list/
  2. http://englishstudypage.com/vocabulary/detailed-irregular-verbs-list/

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The Hour (Eng)

Publicado en por D

Image source: https://www.facebook.com/englishpics/photos/

Image source: https://www.facebook.com/englishpics/photos/

For mentioning the hour, there are 2 ways, the formal one and the informal, the most simple one is the informal, because you only need to say first the # hour, and then the # minutes, something like this:

04:15 pm = it's four fifteen pm.

But the formal is a little bit longer, inside this manner you have many options, now we are going to see the steps for the first one:

1. it is necessary to start with "it is" and after the rest.

2. you must say the # minutes first, after a key word and then the hour

3. the key words could be "past" or "to"

3.1. Past is normally used between the minute 01 until the 29.

ex: 5:16= it is sixteen minutes past five.

3.1.1. If you want you can use "past" for all the minutes.

ex: 5:48 = it is forty-eight minutes past five.

3.2. To is normally used between the minute 31 until the 59. when you use "to" it's necessary to say the minutes left for the next hour, and then the next hour.

ex: 6:52: it is eight minutes to seven

3.2.1. If you want you can use "to" for all the minutes, but you have to calculate the minutes left for the next hour and the next hour.

ex: 6: 10 = it is fifty minutes to seven.

 

There are some expression that are normally used whe we talk about the hour, those are...

 

12:00 = It is twelve o'clock

1:15 = it is a quarter past one

2: 30 = it is half past two

            it is two and a half

3:45 = it is a quarter to four

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Types of sentences

Publicado en por D

source: https://co.pinterest.com/explore/types-of-sentences/

source: https://co.pinterest.com/explore/types-of-sentences/

una debilidad común en escritura es la falta de variedad en oraciones. Conociendo los 3 tipos de generales de oraciones (simple'simple', compuesta'compound', compleja'complex') podría ayudar a variar dichas oraciones en escritos.

1. Simple Sentences / oraciones simples

una oración simple tiene los más básicos elementos que se usan en una oración (sujeto 'subject', verbo 'verb', complemento 'object').

ex:  Joe waited for the train

         S      V          O

The train was late

   S            V      O

Mary and Samantha took the bus

             S                     V       O

I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station

S   V                                    O

 

2. Compund Sentences / Oraciones compuestas

una oración compuesta se refiere a la oración hecha de dos cláusulas independientes (o frases compuestas) conectadas a otra con "conjunciones de coordinación".

las conjunciones de coordinación son fáciles de recordar si piensas en la palabra "FAN BOYS".

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

Ex:

  1. Joe waited for the train BUT the train was late
  2. I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station BUT they arrived at the train station
  3. Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station BUT they left on the bus
  4. Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived SO I did not see them at the bus station

3. Complex Sentences / Oraciones complejas

Una oración compuesta está hecha de una cláusula independiente y una o más cláusulas dependientes conectadas.

ejemplos de oraciones dependientes:

  1. BECAUSE Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon
  2. WHILE he waited at the train station
  3. AFTER they left on the bus

Cláusulas dependientes como las de arriba no pueden estar solas como una oración, pero ellas pueden ser adheridas a una cláusula independiente para formar una oración compleja.

cláusulas dependientes van con "conjunciones subordinadas" a continuación las más comunes.

  • After
  • as
  • because
  • before
  • even though
  • if
  • since
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • wherever
  • while

Puedeiniciar dependdiente - independiente o viceversa 

Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the bus station.

 

traslated and editted from:

http://www2.ivcc.edu/rambo/eng1001/sentences.htm

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Useful information

Publicado en por D

Some useful expressions or phrases that may serve to you,

have a good day.

Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information
Useful information

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