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Simple Present (Eng)

Publicado en por D

Image source:  http://englishkidsfun.blogspot.com.co/

Image source: http://englishkidsfun.blogspot.com.co/

The simple present is used mainly for mentioning actions in present but in a simple way, basically it is necessary to define  who makes the action (subject), the action (verb) and the complement (object). there are two auxiliar verbs that when those are auxiliar verbs they lose their puctual meaning. those are DO and DOES, And their use depends on the pronoun.

 

                   DO                                           DOES

     I       You    We    They                      He     She   It

Its structures are:

(+)  suj  +  verb  +   compl

(-) suj  +  aux. verb   +  not  +  verb  +  compl

(?)  Aux, verb  +  Suj  +  verb  +  compl  ?

 

Ex: 

(+) You read a book

(-) You do not (don't) read a book

(?) Do you read a book?

 

*in negative, the suggestion is to use the auxiliar verb and the negation by themselves  (do not) but depending on your own decition you can contract the two words (don't)

 

Exceptions:

In this grammar tense there are 4 exceptions that they must be learnt to a proper manage of the foreign language.

 

1. The final -S: the rule says that all the verbs next to a singular third person pronoun (He, She or It) it must finish with the letter -S, this doesn´t change its meaning, it is just a grammatical rule.

EX:  

He listens to music

Mary jumps in the bed

2. when the verb finishes with the letters  SH, SS, CH. X y Z: the exceptions work only when the main verb in the sentence is next to the pronouns He, She and It. In this case, the verb must finish in  -es

Ex:

she kissES  a boy

Pedro watchES the bad movies.

 

3. When the verb finishes with the letter -O: It works in the same way with the previous exception. If the verb finishes in -O it must finish in  -es

 

Ex:

The tree doES exercise each monday.

Peppa goES to UK.

 

4. When the verb finishes with -Y: when the -y is next to a consonant, the "Y" is replaced by -ies, but you have to be careful because if the "Y" is next to a vowel, you only have to put a simple -s

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Simple Present (Esp)

Publicado en por D

Image source: http://englishkidsfun.blogspot.com.co/

Image source: http://englishkidsfun.blogspot.com.co/

El presente simple sirve para hacer mención de acciones que tienen lugar en el presente pero de una manera más sencilla, básicamente se necesita que se defina quien o quienes realizan la acción (sujeto), la acción (verbo) y complemento (objeto). se manejan dos verbos auxiliares, que al cumplir su función de auxiliar este pierde su significado puntual. los verbos auxiliares son DO y DOES, y se usan dependiendo del pronombre que se utilice.

                  DO                                           DOES

     I       You    We    They                      He     She   It

 

Sus estructuras son las siguientes:

(+)  suj  +  verb  +   compl

(-) suj  +  aux. verb   +  not  +  verb  +  compl

(?)  Aux, verb  +  Suj  +  verb  +  compl  ?

 

Ex: 

(+) You read a book

(-) You do not (don't) read a book

(?) Do you read a book?

*en la negativa, lo más indicado es usar el v. aux y la negación por separado (do not) pero dependiendo de su propia elección puede contraer la palabra (don't)

Excepciones:

en este tiempo existen cuatro excepciones que deben ser aprendidas para un manejo óptimo del idioma extranjero.

1. la S final: si bien todos los verbos principales que estén al lado de un pronombre en tercera persona del singular (he, she, it) debe terminar en la letra S, esto no cambia su significado, es una regla gramátical.

EX:  

He listens to music

Mary jumps in the bed

 

2. cuando el verbo termina en estas letras, SH, SS, CH. X y Z: Las excepciones únicamente se ponen cuando el verbo está al lado de los pronombre He, She It, en el caso de estas letras en partícular, no debe terminar simplemente en S sino -es

Ex:

she kissES  a boy

Pedro watchES the bad movies.

 

3. cuando el verbo termina en O: trabaja de la misma manera que con la del anterior excepción. si el verbo termina en O a este se le debe aumentar -es

 

Ex:

The tree doES exercise each monday.

Peppa goES to UK.

 

4. cuando el verbo termina en "Y": cuando esto suceda y dicha "Y" se encuentre al lado de una letra consonante, la -Y se reemplaza por "ies", pero ojo, si la "Y" se encuentra al lado de una vocal

 

EX:

The butterfly flIES in a good way (FLY)

Sofia worrIES when her mom stop calling Sofia.

 

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A Truly Hero #simple present

Publicado en por D

Image source:  https://www.123rf.com/photo_40825628_stock-vector-hero-policeman-concept-a-conceptual-illustration-of-a-policeman-standing-with-his-shadow-in-the-shap.html

Image source: https://www.123rf.com/photo_40825628_stock-vector-hero-policeman-concept-a-conceptual-illustration-of-a-policeman-standing-with-his-shadow-in-the-shap.html

Here I bring a good reading for practicing the simple present tense. I hope you enjoy it. The idea is to make you read and understand the reading, Teachers and other people may use it for different purposes, like teaching or whatever.

 

Robert Hughes lives in Atlanta, Georgia. He lives with his wife, Patricia. They live with their two children, Sam and Lana. Robert loves his family.

Robert works as a police officer in Atlanta. He likes his job. He is a good police officer. Robert is a police officer because he likes to help people.
Robert protects the citizens of Atlanta. He solves crimes and catches criminals. He keeps the citizens safe.

Sometimes he visits the schools. He talks to students. The students like Robert. Officer Robert Hughes is a hero in Atlanta.

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Roman, Carl, Lorenzo and Rebecca's story #simple present

Publicado en por D

 

Hello I am Roman, I am a Spanish boy, I am in the kitchen because I am a chef, I am 22 years old and I live in New York, I love this place but my brother does not too much, his name is Carl, he is 18 years old and he is from Spain too, he is a lawyer because of it he is at the office, we are with our mother.

Hi, my name is Lorenzo I am from Ecuador, I am 33 years old, I love music because I am a musician and I am in the music studio, the girl beside me is my girlfriend, her name is Rebecca, she is 30 years old, she is from Peru and she is a police, I love her so much, we are very happy.

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Susan's Report #simple present

Publicado en por D

Image source:  http://allaboutromance.com/getting-the-story-reporters-in-fiction/

Image source: http://allaboutromance.com/getting-the-story-reporters-in-fiction/

Here I bring a good reading for practicing the simple present tense. I hope you enjoy it. The idea is to make you read and understand the reading, Teachers and other people may use it for different purposes, like teaching or whatever.

 

Good morning! I am Susan Myers, I am a reporter at Central News and today, I am in the stadium, I am making a report of immigrants, today’s guests are two people from China, they are Jane Lee and Peter Lee, they are students at the community college, she is 19 years old and he is 20, they are students but they are not workers, they live in an apartment downtown.

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Types of sentences

Publicado en por D

source: https://co.pinterest.com/explore/types-of-sentences/

source: https://co.pinterest.com/explore/types-of-sentences/

una debilidad común en escritura es la falta de variedad en oraciones. Conociendo los 3 tipos de generales de oraciones (simple'simple', compuesta'compound', compleja'complex') podría ayudar a variar dichas oraciones en escritos.

1. Simple Sentences / oraciones simples

una oración simple tiene los más básicos elementos que se usan en una oración (sujeto 'subject', verbo 'verb', complemento 'object').

ex:  Joe waited for the train

         S      V          O

The train was late

   S            V      O

Mary and Samantha took the bus

             S                     V       O

I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station

S   V                                    O

 

2. Compund Sentences / Oraciones compuestas

una oración compuesta se refiere a la oración hecha de dos cláusulas independientes (o frases compuestas) conectadas a otra con "conjunciones de coordinación".

las conjunciones de coordinación son fáciles de recordar si piensas en la palabra "FAN BOYS".

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

Ex:

  1. Joe waited for the train BUT the train was late
  2. I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station BUT they arrived at the train station
  3. Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station BUT they left on the bus
  4. Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived SO I did not see them at the bus station

3. Complex Sentences / Oraciones complejas

Una oración compuesta está hecha de una cláusula independiente y una o más cláusulas dependientes conectadas.

ejemplos de oraciones dependientes:

  1. BECAUSE Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon
  2. WHILE he waited at the train station
  3. AFTER they left on the bus

Cláusulas dependientes como las de arriba no pueden estar solas como una oración, pero ellas pueden ser adheridas a una cláusula independiente para formar una oración compleja.

cláusulas dependientes van con "conjunciones subordinadas" a continuación las más comunes.

  • After
  • as
  • because
  • before
  • even though
  • if
  • since
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • wherever
  • while

Puedeiniciar dependdiente - independiente o viceversa 

Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the bus station.

 

traslated and editted from:

http://www2.ivcc.edu/rambo/eng1001/sentences.htm

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The Ghost In The Forest

Publicado en por D

Image source: https://itunes.apple.com/mx/app/ghost-run-lost-soul-in-forest/id1173168024?mt=8

Image source: https://itunes.apple.com/mx/app/ghost-run-lost-soul-in-forest/id1173168024?mt=8

Here I bring a good reading for practicing. I hope you enjoy it. The idea is to make you read and understand the reading, Teachers and other people may use it for different purposes, like teaching or whatever.

 

THE GHOST IN THE FOREST

Many people who lived near the Theme Park are afraid to go into the forest area. there is a legend that a woman who once lived in the forest as an outlaw hundred and hundred of years ago, she still walks there as a ghost at night.

The legend says, she was a great warrior from a rich family, but the wicked king, who ruled the country, killed her family and burned her castle, that is quiteclose to the Theme Park.

Her name was Maureen. Maureen escaped being killed by running into the forest. Because of this, the king made a decree.

Many of the poor people, who knew Maureen, they liked her very much and they told her what the king was going to do. Maureen decided to fight the king. She did this by helping the poor, by robbing the rich and giving their money to the poor. Every time someone rich came through the forest, she would rob him.

Maureen was a heroine for the poor, but in the end, one of the poor betrayed her for fifty gold coins.

She was caught by the king´s soldiers and they hung in the forest by the king from one of the old oak trees. The legend says that her ghost still walks there in the night. So beware!

source:

Los Tres Editores S.A.S 2012 (Competencias y Estándares en Inglés)

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Debbie's Interview

Publicado en por D

Image source:  https://www.taringa.net/posts/humor/19868890/Los-mods-me-quieren-nismanear-y-te-lo-cuento.html

Image source: https://www.taringa.net/posts/humor/19868890/Los-mods-me-quieren-nismanear-y-te-lo-cuento.html

Here I bring a good reading for practicing the simple present tense. I hope you enjoy it. The idea is to make you read and understand the reading, Teachers and other people may use it for different purposes, like teaching or whatever.

 

 

Yesterday Debbie had a job interview.  She went downtown to the company. The interview was for

an accounting job. Debbie graduated university 3 months ago.

Her interview was at 10:00 am. She woke up at 7:00 am and left her house before 8:00 am. She

waited for the bus, but it was late. She was very worried because she did not want to be late for

the interview. She tried to phone the company to warn them, but her phone battery was dead.

When the bus arrived, it was almost 9:00 am. Then the bus was slow because there were many

other cars. The bus finally arrived at Debbie’s stop at 9:45 am.

Debbie ran from the bus stop to the office building. When she entered she saw a sign that said the

company was on the 24th floor. The elevator ride took almost 5 minutes because many people

stopped at different floors.  

When Debbie arrived at reception, it was 9:58. She was in time!  

“I am here to see Mrs. Lewis” said Debbie.

The receptionist checked her book and replied:  

“She is not here today.  What is your name please?”

“My name is Debbie Gregson.”

“Sorry Debbie, but your appointment is tomorrow.”

Debbie checked her agenda. It was true. She was there on the wrong day!

 

source:

http://www.learnenglish-online.com/grammar/readings/simplepastreading.html

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HANK AND GINGER'S LIFE

Publicado en por D

HANK AND GINGER'S LIFE

Hank is a cowboy. He lives on a farm. He has a horse named Ginger. Hank loves Ginger. He rides Ginger every day. Sometimes they walk slowly, and sometimes they run fast. They always have a good time.

Ginger is Hank's horse. She is light brown. Her tail and mane are dark brown. She is three years old. She lives in the stable by the house.

Ginger waits for Hank every morning. She enjoys their time together. Often, Hank gives her apples. After long rides, Hank always washes and brushes Ginger. He usually brushes her tail. Then he gives her food and fresh water. Ginger loves Hank.
 

SOURCE:

http://www.really-learn-english.com/english-grammar-tenses-es.html

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Useful information

Publicado en por D

Some useful expressions or phrases that may serve to you,

have a good day.

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